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Reading Group Guide

Discussion Questions

Family History

1. The novel is told from Rachel's point of view. Judging from her character as she presents it, is Rachel a good person? What does she want for herself and for her family? What kind of a mother is she?

2. In Dr. Zelman's office, Ned and Rachel are asked for information about their families' psychiatric history. Rachel admits that her mother has a "narcissistic personality disorder" and begins to feel panic: "It was if an invisible hand had seized me by the throat and forced me to swallow the ugliest possible truth. I came from a sick and faulty genetic line and had passed it all down to my daughter" (p. 134). Judging from her mother's and her daughter's behavior, do Rachel's worries about this possibility seem justified?

3. Why does Ned move out? Does he assume that Rachel believes Kate's accusation that he sexually abused her? How does Ned come across as a father and as a husband?

4. Comment on the novel's structure and on Shapiro's decision to disrupt the narrative chronology. What is the effect of this style of revealing what has happened to the family?

5. Family History engages the question of how we become who we are, and how much control we have over our lives, considering our genetic inheritance. When pregnant with Kate, Rachel thinks, "How could anything good come out of me, when I came from this angry messed-up woman?" (p. 31). Why does Rachel feel so preoccupied with what her children have received from her side of the family, when Ned does not? Does Rachel worry too much about things she can't possibly control? Or is the problem that a mother can't help but feel that she has to control everything that affects the lives of her family?

6. How have Kate's troubles exacerbated the stressful aspects of Ned and Rachel's marriage? Rachel says, "Even during the best of times, the subject of Ned's work was the no-man's-land of our marriage" (p. 70). Was moving to a small town, and away from the art world, the wrong decision for both of them?

7. Learning that Kate has been hurt in a fight with another girl at Stone Mountain, Rachel thinks, "We don't know our daughter. How is it possible? I could find her if I were blindfolded in a room of a hundred girls, but I don't know what's going on inside her" (p. 71). How accurately does the novel depict the confusion and bewilderment of parents whose child is going through a rocky adolescence?

8. Rachel makes it clear that her mother is impossible to deal with, a person who oversteps boundaries and doesn't respect her daughter's privacy. Would Rachel be justified in cutting off contact with her mother? What would be gained, and what lost, from such a decision?

9. Judging from Kate's description of the accident on the stairs (pp. 152–64) and her emotional state during the scene at the hospital, does it seem possible that she is concealing the truth about what happened? Or, on the contrary, is it clear that what happened was purely accidental? Does this issue remain ambiguous? If so, why?

10. How accurate is Liza's comment that Rachel and Ned shouldn't worry so much about money? Is Liza's philosophy of living "as if" a useful one (p. 177)? Is it better, for Ned and Rachel, to have financial security or fulfilling work? Might Ned and Rachel have been happier if they had taken more risks?

11. Rachel reflects, "You can live a good life, be the best mother and wife you know how to be, and still it can explode all around you" (p. 251). What particular insights does Family History offer about motherhood and the kind of inner strength being a mother requires?

12. Discuss the significance of the paintings Rachel finds in the barn (pp. 199–203). What is the meaning of Ned's new style and subject matter? What role do the paintings play in bringing Ned and Rachel back together?

13. Kate's actions leave her parents in the unusual position of having to forgive their daughter for the extensive damage she has done to the family. After visiting Kate at Stone Mountain, Rachel realizes, "I was furious with her, angry beyond comprehension . . . the truest test of unconditional maternal love was being exacted upon me" (p. 159). How well does Rachel perform in this test?

14. What does the final chapter suggest about the future of the family? Why do Ned and Rachel change their minds and decide to leave Kate at Stone Mountain for a while longer? How hopeful an ending does the novel offer?

Family History
by Dani Shapiro

  • Publication Date: August 10, 2004
  • Genres: Fiction
  • Paperback: 288 pages
  • Publisher: Anchor
  • ISBN-10: 1400032113
  • ISBN-13: 9781400032112