Never fails. You're wrapping up the operation when someone blunders
onto the season's big score.
OK. I'm exaggerating. But it's damn close to what happened. And the
final outcome was far more disturbing than any last-minute
discovery of a potsherd or hearth.
It was May 18, the second-to-the-last day of the archaeological
field school. I had twenty students digging a site on Dewees, a
barrier island north of Charleston, South Carolina.
I also had a journalist. With the IQ of plankton.
"Sixteen bodies?" Plankton pulled a spiral notebook as his brain
strobed visions of Dahmer and Bundy. "Vics ID'd?"
"The graves are prehistoric."
Two eyes rolled up, narrowed under puffy lids. "Old Indians?"
"They got me covering dead Indians?" No political correctness prize
for this guy.
"The Moultrie News. The East Cooper community paper."
Charleston, as Rhett told Scarlett, is a city marked by the genial
grace of days gone by. Its heart is the Peninsula, a district of
antebellum homes, cobbled streets, and outdoor markets bounded by
the Ashley and Cooper rivers. Charlestonians define their turf by
these waterways. Neighborhoods are referred to as "West Ashley" or
"East Cooper," the latter including Mount Pleasant, and three
islands, Sullivan's, the Isle of Palms, and Dewees. I assumed
plankton's paper covered that beat.
"And you are?" I asked.
With his five-o'clock shadow and fast food paunch, the guy looked
more like Homer Simpson.
"We're busy here, Mr. Winborne."
Winborne ignored that. "Isn't it illegal?"
"We have a permit. The island's being developed, and this little
patch is slated for home sites."
"Why bother?" Sweat soaked Winborne's hairline. When he reached for
a hanky, I noticed a tick cruising his collar.
"I'm an anthropologist on faculty at the University of North
Carolina at Charlotte. My students and I are here at the request of
Though the first bit was true, the back end was a stretch.
Actually, it happened like this.
UNCC's New World archaeologist normally conducted a student
excavation during the short presummer term each May. In late March
of this year, the lady had announced her acceptance of a position
at Purdue. Busy sending out résumés throughout the
winter, she'd ignored the field school. Sayonara. No instructor. No
Though my specialty is forensics, and I now work with the dead sent
to coroners and medical examiners, my graduate training and early
professional career were devoted to the not so recently deceased.
For my doctoral research I'd examined thousands of prehistoric
skeletons recovered from North American burial mounds.
The field school is one of the Anthropology Department's most
popular courses, and, as usual, was enrolled to capacity. My
colleague's unexpected departure sent the chair into a panic. He
begged that I take over. The students were counting on it! A return
to my roots! Two weeks at the beach! Extra pay! I thought he was
going to throw in a Buick.
I'd suggested Dan Jaffer, a bioarchaeologist and my professional
counterpart with the medical examiner/coroner system in the great
Palmetto State to our south. I pleaded possible cases at the ME
office in Charlotte, or at the Laboratoire de sciences judiciaires
et de médecine légale in Montreal, the two agencies for
which I regularly consult.
The chair gave it a shot. Good idea, bad timing. Dan Jaffer was on
his way to Iraq.
I'd contacted Jaffer and he'd suggested Dewees as an excavation
possibility. A burial ground was slated for destruction, and he'd
been trying to forestall the bulldozers until the site's
significance could be ascertained. Predictably, the developer was
ignoring his requests.
I'd contacted the Office of the State Archaeologist in Columbia,
and on Dan's recommendation they'd accepted my offer to dig some
test trenches, thereby greatly displeasing the developer.
And here I was. With twenty undergraduates. And, on our thirteenth
and penultimate day, plankton-brain.
My patience was fraying like an overused rope.
"Name?" Winborne might have been asking about grass seed.
I fought back the urge to walk away. Give him what he wants, I told
myself. He'll leave. Or, with luck, die from the heat.
Winborne shrugged. "Don't hear that name so much."
"I'm called Tempe."
"Like the town in Utah."
"Right. What kind of Indians?"
"How'd you know stuff was here?"
"Through a colleague at USC-Columbia."
"How'd he know?"
"He spotted small mounds while doing a survey after the news of an
impending development was announced."
Winborne took a moment to make notes in his spiral. Or maybe he was
buying time to come up with his idea of an insightful question. In
the distance I could hear student chatter and the clatter of
buckets. Overhead, a gull cawed and another answered.
"Mounds?" No one was going to short-list this guy for a
"Following closure of the graves, shells and sand were heaped on
"What's the point in digging them up?"
That was it. I hit the little cretin with the interview terminator.
"Burial customs aren't well known for aboriginal Southeastern
coastal populations, and this site could substantiate or refute
ethnohistoric accounts. Many anthropologists believe the Sewee were
part of the Cusabo group. According to some sources, Cusabo
funerary practices involved defleshing of the corpse, then
placement of the bones in bundles or boxes. Others describe the
scaffolding of bodies to allow decomposition prior to burial in
"Holy crap. That's gross."
"More so than draining the blood from a corpse and replacing it
with chemical preservatives, injecting waxes and perfumes and
applying makeup to simulate life, then interring in airtight
coffins and vaults to forestall decay?"
Winborne looked at me as though I'd spoken Sanskrit. "Who does
"So what are you finding?"
"Just bones?" The tick was now crawling up Winborne's neck. Give a
heads-up? Screw it. The guy was irritating as hell.
I launched into my standard cop and coroner spiel. "The skeleton
paints a story of an individual. Sex. Age. Height. Ancestry. In
certain cases, medical history or manner of death." Pointedly
glancing at my watch, I followed with my archaeological shtick.
"Ancient bones are a source of information on extinct populations.
How people lived, how they died, what they ate, what diseases they
suffered -- "
Winborne's gaze drifted over my shoulder. I turned.
Topher Burgess was approaching, various forms of organic and
inorganic debris pasted to his sunburned torso. Short and plump,
with knit cap, wire rims, and muttonchop sideburns, the kid
reminded me of an undergraduate Smee.
"Odd one intruding into three-east."
I waited, but Topher didn't elaborate. Not surprising. On exams,
Topher's essays often consisted of single-sentence answers.
"Odd?" I coaxed.
A complete sentence. Gratifying, but not enlightening. I curled my
fingers in a "give me more" gesture.
"We're thinking intrusive." Topher shifted his weight from one bare
foot to another. It was a lot to shift.
"I'll check it out in a minute."
Topher nodded, turned, and trudged back to the excavation.
"What's that mean, 'articulated'?" The tick had reached Winborne's
ear and appeared to be considering alternate routes.
"In proper anatomical alignment. It's uncommon with secondary
burials, corpses put into the ground after loss of the flesh. The
bones are usually jumbled, sometimes in clumps. Occasionally in
these communal graves one or two skeletons will be
"Could be a lot of reasons. Maybe someone died immediately before
closure of a common pit. Maybe the group was moving on, didn't have
time to wait out decomposition."
A full ten seconds of scribbling, during which the tick moved out
"Intrusive. What's that mean?"
"A body was placed in the grave later. Would you like a closer
"It's what I'm living for." Putting hanky to forehead, Winborne
sighed as if he were onstage.
I crumbled. "There's a tick in your collar."
Winborne moved faster than it seemed possible for a man of his bulk
to move, yanking his collar, doubling over, and batting his neck in
one jerk. The tick flew to the sand and righted itself, apparently
used to rejection.
I set off, skirting clusters of sea oats, their tasseled heads
motionless in the heavy air. Only May, and already the mercury was
hitting ninety. Though I love the Lowcountry, I was glad I wouldn't
be digging here into the summer.
I moved quickly, knowing Winborne wouldn't keep up. Mean? Yes. But
time was short. I had none to waste on a dullard reporter.
And I was conscience-clear on the tick.
Some student's boom-box pounded out a tune I didn't recognize by a
group whose name I didn't know and wouldn't remember if told. I'd
have preferred seabirds and surf, though today's selections were
better than the heavy metal the kids usually blasted.
Waiting for Winborne, I scanned the excavation. Two test trenches
had already been dug and refilled. The first had yielded nothing
but sterile soil. The second had produced human bone, early
vindication of Jaffer's suspicions.
Three other trenches were still open. At each, students worked
trowels, hauled buckets, and sifted earth through mesh screens
resting on sawhorse supports.
Topher was shooting pictures at the easternmost trench. The rest of
his team sat cross-legged, eyeing the focus of his interest.
Winborne joined me on the cusp between panting and gasping. Mopping
his forehead, he fought for breath.
"Hot day," I said.
Winborne nodded, face the color of raspberry sherbet.
I was moving toward Topher when Winborne's voice stopped me.
"We got company."
Turning, I saw a man in a pink Polo shirt and khaki pants hurrying
across, not around, the dunes. He was small, almost child-size,
with silver-gray hair buzzed to the scalp. I recognized him
instantly. Richard L. "Dickie" Dupree, entrepreneur, developer, and
Dupree was accompanied by a basset whose tongue and belly barely
cleared the ground.
First a journalist, now Dupree. This day was definitely heading for
the scrap heap.
Ignoring Winborne, Dupree bore down on me with the determined
self-righteousness of a Taliban mullah. The basset hung back to
squirt a clump of sea oats.
We've all heard of personal space, that blanket of nothing we need
between ourselves and others. For me, the zone is eighteen inches.
Break in, I get edgy.
Some strangers crowd up close because of vision or hearing. Others,
because of differing cultural mores. Not Dickie. Dupree believed
nearness lent him greater force of expression.
Stopping a foot from my face, Dupree crossed his arms and squinted
up into my eyes.
"Y'all be finishing tomorrow, I expect." More statement than
"We will." I stepped back.
"And then?" Dupree's face was birdlike, the bones sharp under pink,
"I'll file a preliminary report with the Office of the State
Archaeologist next week."
The basset wandered over and started sniffing my leg. It looked to
be at least eighty years old.
"Colonel, don't be rude with the little lady." To me. "Colonel's
getting on. Forgets his manners."
The little lady scratched Colonel behind one mangy ear.
"Shame to disappoint folks because of a buncha ole Indians." Dupree
smiled what he no doubt considered his "Southern gentleman" smile.
Probably practiced it in the mirror while clipping his nose
"Many view this country's heritage as something valuable," I
"Can't let these things stop progress, though, can we?"
I did not reply.
"You do understand my position, ma'am?"
"Yes, sir. I do."
I abhorred Dupree's position. His goal was money, earned by any
means that wouldn't get him indicted. Screw the rain forest, the
wetlands, the seashore, the dunes, the culture that was here when
the English arrived. Dickie Dupree would implode the Temple of
Artemis if it stood where he wanted to slap up condos.
Behind us, Winborne had gone still. I knew he was listening.
"And what might this fine document say?" Another Sheriff of
"That this area is underlain by a pre-Columbian burial
Dupree's smile wavered, held. Sensing tension, or perhaps bored,
Colonel abandoned me for Winborne. I wiped my hand on my
"You know those folks up in Columbia well as I do. A report of that
nature will shut me down for some time. That delay will cost me
"An archaeological site is a nonrenewable cultural resource. Once
it's gone, it's gone forever. I can't in good conscience allow your
needs to influence my findings, Mr. Dupree."
The smile dissolved, and Dupree eyed me coldly.
"We'll just have to see about that." The veiled threat was little
softened by the gentle, Lowcountry drawl.
"Yes, sir. We will."
Pulling a pack of Kools from his pocket, Dupree cupped a hand and
lit up. Chucking the match, he drew deeply, nodded, and started
back toward the dunes, Colonel waddling at his heels.
"Mr. Dupree," I called after him.
Dupree stopped, but didn't turn to face me.
"It's environmentally irresponsible to walk on dunes."
Flicking a wave, Dupree continued on his way.
Anger and loathing rose in my chest.
"Dickie not your choice for Man of the Year?"
I turned. Winborne was unwrapping a stick of Juicy Fruit. I watched
him put the gum in his mouth, daring with my eyes that he toss the
paper as Dupree had tossed his match.
He got the message.
Wordlessly, I hooked a one-eighty and walked to three-east. I could
hear Winborne scrabbling along behind me.
The students fell silent when I joined them. Eight eyes followed as
I hopped down into the trench. Topher handed me a trowel. I
squatted, and was enveloped by the smell of freshly turned
And something else. Sweet. Fetid. Faint, but undeniable.
An odor that shouldn't be there.
My stomach tightened.
Dropping to all fours, I examined Topher's oddity, a segment of
vertebral column curving outward from halfway up the western
Above me, students threw out explanations.
"We were cleaning up the sides, you know, so we could, like, take
photos of the stratigraphy."
"We spotted stained soil."
Topher added some brief detail.
I wasn't listening. I was troweling, creating a profile view of the
burial lying to the west of the trench. With each scrape my
apprehension was heading north.
Thirty minutes of work revealed a spine and upper pelvic rim.
I sat back, a tingle of dread crawling my scalp.
The bones were connected by muscle and ligament.
As I stared, the first fly buzzed in, sun iridescent on its emerald
Rising, I brushed dirt from my knees. I had to get to a
Dickie Dupree had a lot more to worry about than the ancient